Transcript

History of Shipping

THE HISTORY OF - GETTING THINGS FROM HERE TO THERE It's fairly easy to get anything I we want, because the world is almost 100% connected. But have you ever wondered how goods got from one place to another before today's fast-paced methods? Today, we have the world at our fingertips. EARLY SHIPPING AND TRADE exchanging goods from one country to another has been happening for thousands of years CHINA'S SILR ROAD Region - Ancient trade route connecting China to the Roman Empire - Venetian trader, Marco Polo, named the route "Silk Road" Timeframe - Operated from 2nd century to 14th century AD Methods of shipping - Mainly via horse and camel in large caravans - Some freight by ship made its way to the Silk Road Items shipped & traded - Silk (main good traded from OChina) China dishes and vases Grapes - Woolen goods (curtains, rugs, blankets) - Camels - Military equipment GRECIAN TRADE ROUTES Region Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, Crete, Cyprus, Cyclades Timefram - Operated from 2nd century to 14th century AD Methods of shipping 600 AD brought specially crafted merchant ships and the diolkos haulway The diolkos haulway stretched across the isthmus of Corinth - Opened the door for permanent trading posts reachable by water Items shipped & traded Greek pottery Olives and olive oil Bronze work - Hides - Marble - Wine UNITED STATES Region Ohio River, Mississippi River Timeframe - Beginning in the 1600's Methods of shipping Boats and barges on the Mississippi carried fur to Louisiana and other states - Steamboats on the Ohio River carried goods to lower states Items shipped & traded - Fur - Raw materials - Food - Other freight HOW DOES MODERN SHIPPING WORK? exchanging goods from one country to another has been happening for thousands of years SHIPS 1956: THE FIRST CONTAINER SHIP SAILED During the Vietnam war, containEr shipping brought supplies to troops overseas. Solved the problem of getting large quantities of supplies: The use of container shipping during the war propelled it to the forefront of standard methods for international trade. 1969: 25 more container ships were built - Through a war zone - Past only one port, which was still being developed - Onto a railway that was only partially functioning Capacity of 2,000 TEUS each TODAY, CONTAINER SHIPPING IS A BOOMING INDUSTRY Japan to West Coast, USA Europe to East Coast, USA Europe to Asia Europe to South Africa Europe to Australia USA to South Africa USA to Australia By 1983, container ships carried 12 million TEUS internationally. TRUCKS AND TRAINS Containerization become a popular freight transport method for trucks and trains. The North American Free Ttade Act 1900's (NAFTA) was passed. 1994 Trucks and trains began to be used in combination for freight transport. Trade between the US and Mexico exploded. Today, US trucks are constantly crossing the border to deliver and pick up merchandise. 1935 Congress passed the Motor Carrier Today, the trucking industry employs 8.9 million people. TODAY At. Allowed regulations to be made for Interstate commerce via motor carri- 15.5 million trucks are estimated to be In operation for shipping. ers THE FREIGHT TRAIN SYSTEM IN THE US IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE BEST IN THE WORLD This system carries more freight than any other rail system In the world. Employs 221,000 people across the nation It's a 60 billion dollar Industry. 140,000 miles of rail in the US CARGO CARGO CARGO CARGO MODERN MODES OF FREIGHT TRANSPORT: TRUCKS, TRAINS (ONE CAR OR TRAIN UNIT), BARGES COMPARING THE MODES NUMBER OF TONS, GALLONS AND BUSHELS PER MODE 100-CAR TRAIN UNIT BARGES ONE RAIL CAR LARGE SEMI-TRUCR 1,500 tons 453,600 gallons 52,500 bushels 100 tons 30,240 gallons 3,500 bushels 10,000 tons 3,024,000 gallons 350,000 bushels 26 tons 7,865 gallons 910 bushels BARGES ARE THE MOST ENERGY EFFICIENT MODE BARGES TRAINS SEMI-TRUCKR 514 miles per gallon 202 miles per gallon 59 miles per gallon PERCENTAGES OF FREIGHT TRANSPORT ACCORDING TO TON-MILES |||| CARGO TRAIN TRUCK PIPELINE WATER AIR ARGO CARGO CARGO CARGO 39.5% 28.6% 19.6% 12% 0.3% THE 3PL USHERED IN A NEW ERA FOR SHIPPING "Third party logistics" Legally defined as "A person who solely receives, holds, or otherwise transports a consumer product in the ordinary course of business but who The term was first used in the 1970s does not take title to the product." WITH THE 3PL CAME INNOVATION TO THE FREIGHT INDUSTRY Technology Platforms Online Solutions - Better supply chain visibility - Effective transportation management - İnstant rating and booking capabilities · E-commerce functionality No matter where you are or what your world looks like, freight shipping is impacting your life and how you live it. Sources: travelchinaguide.com/silk-road/history/ ancient.eu/article/115/ advantour.com/silkroad/goods.htm lojistic.com/freight-trade-and-shipping-history worldshipping.org/about-the-industry/history-of-containerization/before-container-shipping worldshipping.org/about-the-industry/history-of-containerization/industry-globalization business.tenntom.org/why-use-the-waterway/shipping-comparisons/ time.com/106666/world-export-maps/ irs.gov/Businesses/Trucking-Industry-Overview--History-of-Trucking truckinfo.net/trucking/stats.htm inboundlogistics.com/cms/article/3pl-growth-strange-but-true/ ahrmm.org/lexicon/results?search=detail&searchText=&id=2321 FREIGHTQUOTE N NOWSOURCING

History of Shipping

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Have you ever wondered how people moved freight before there were trucks? Learn more about the history of shipping from this infographic!

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