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The Evolution of Job Interviews

the EVOLUTION of JOB INTERVIEWS In The Beginning. Survival was the main goal, so there was no job search. "Jobs" revolved around food, so men hunted while women gathered food. In ancient Egypt, Rome and Greece, craftsman trained apprentices to carry on their work. Professions were passed on from 1700-1800 generation to generation. Apprenticeships were less like internships and more of a binding contract of servitude. "Job openings" were created when tradesmen didn't have children. They passed on their professions to apprentices. Benjamin Franklin served as an indentured apprentice in printing to his older brother. The Industrial Revolution created 1800s: many low-skilled jobs in factories, across American cities. Employment was dependent on performance, with unskilled workers easily replaced. The Birth of the Interview Transportation advances, opening up jobs and interviews to a wider pool of candidates. First U.S. railroad is 1830: completed and continues to boom throughout the country. 1908: Ford Motor Company introduces the Model T. Woodworth's Personal Data Sheet, the first objective personality test, is created to evaluate soldiers in World War I. 1917: The test is imitated in other industries to screen out employees who won't adjust well to the workplace. The focus on adjustment leads to the importance of judging candidates on cultural fit. 1920s: With more college-educated individuals entering the workforce, employers needed a way to evaluate potential hires. 1921: Thomas Edison created a written test to evaluate the knowledge of candidates. The test was leaked and published in the New York Times. Thus, the first job interview is born. Think Google asks bizarre interview questions? Here are some of the obscure questions Edison asked job candidates: Where do we import cork from? How is sulphuric acid made? Who was Hannibal? The Interview Redefined The birth of new technology allows the interview to break out of the traditional face-to-face model: The telephone interview: The Internet: Alexander Graham 1876: Bell invents the first 1969: telephone. The Internet is born but not ready for public use. 1984: The World Wide Web, the Internet we know 1991: Motorola releases the first commercial mobile today, is created. phone. Candidate assessment tests begin to move from an in-person interview strategy to an online screening tool. Internet and video technology evolves and the first public video conference 1995: between the North America and Africa takes place. 2003: Social professional network, Linkedin, was launched, creating a place for job seekers and employers to in 2005: connect. YouTube was born, making it easy for anyone to create and upload videos. You Tube 2006: 2006: Social media sites grew in popularity with the launch of Facebook, followed by Twitter. BlackBerry releases its first consumer-friendly smartphone. f 62% The device is so popular, "crackberry" is named Word of the Year in 2006. of job seekers check employers out on social media. 2015: 64% 43% of U.S. adults own a smartphone. 89% of employers use social sites to research job candidates. of job seekers say they will use their mobile device during their job hunt. 18% of smartphone owners used their devices to submit job applications. Interviewing Today 60% More than 60% of employers use video interviews for remote hiring. 55% of hiring managers 36% of employers reported talent shortages in 2014, increasing the focus on assessment testing and skills-based interviews. value hard skills over personality when hiring. But personality is still an important factor before and during the interview: A study finds that Facebook likes can accurately predict personality traits. Currys, an electronics store based in the U.K., asked job candidates to dance during a job interview to assess their personality and cultural fit. 55% of recruiters reconsidered candidates based on their||I social media presence. Elements of gaming will be used in an estimated 25% of redesigned business processes this year- including interviews. Google infamously asked job candidates to solve brainteasers during the interview process. However, they found the tests did little to predict future performance and good fit for the position. The Future of the Job Interview What's The rise of smart watches will next? enable employers to conduct screening interviews on the go. A pub in Ireland is only accepting job applications through Snapchat. Popular video sharing platforms, like Snapchat, will lead to short-form interviews that will force candidates to sell their skills in 10 seconds or less. The emergence of voice analysis technology will make evaluating candidates much easier. As 3D projection prototypes come to fruition, hologram interviews will go mainstream. Star Wars fans, rejoice! Despite changing technology, the interview will continue to be a central part of the hiring process. Presented by spark Hire Sources http://www.britannika.com/EBchecked/topic/277071/hunting-and-gathering-culture http://www.ni.wa.gov/TradesLicensing/Apprenticeship/About/History/ http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/streamliners/ http://www.history.com/topics/henry-ford http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19048975 http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pd?res=980SEIDAIE3FEEBABC4952DFB366838A639EDE http://www.nps.gov/edis/learn/education/the-edison-test.htm http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/alexander-graham-bell-patents-the-telephone http://bgr.com/2013/12/13/telephone-timeline-a-brief-history-of-the-phone/ http://globalnews.ca/news/860689/blackberry-timeline-a-look-back-at-the-tech-companys-history/ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/websters-new-worldr-college-dictionary-info-addicts-are-all-thumbs-55824847.html http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/01/us-smartphone-use-in-2015/ http://www.glassdoor.com/blog/9-10-job-seekers search-jobs mobile-glasscoor-state-mobile-job search-survey/ http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/04/01/6-facts-about-americans-and-their-smartphones/ http://www.history.com/topics/inventions/invention-of-the-internet http://www.video-conferencing-guide.org/history-of-video-conferencing.html https://ourstory.linkedin.com/ https://www.youtube.com/yt/about/ http://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-history of social-networking/ http://careerbuikdercommunications.com/candidatebehavior/Asthash.GyGpgHcldpbs http://www.careertuikder.com/share/aboutus/pressreleasesdetailaspx?sd=6%2F26%2F2014&id=pr829&ed=12%2F31%2F2014 http://www.softwareadvice.com/hr/industryview/video-interview-report-2015/ http://www.manpowergroup.us/campaigns/talent-shortage-2014/assets/pdf/2014_Talent_Shortage_WP_US.pdf http://www.elance-odesk.com/press/hr-professionals-say-millennials-surpass-prior-generations-in-several-key-business-skills-new-st udy-reveals http://www.jobvite.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Jobvite_SocialRecruiting_Survey2014.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/112/4/1036.abstract http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-23972952 https://hbr.org/2013/01/how-dekoitte-made-learning-a-g/ http://qz.com/96206/google-admits-those-infamous-brainteasers-were-completely-useless-for-hiring/ http://time.com/2941019/dublin-pub-snapchat-job-applications/ I|||||||||

The Evolution of Job Interviews

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This infographic is a timeline of how interviews were born, how they evolved and what is in-store for interviews in the future.

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