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Top 10 Most Toxic Household Plants for Pets

TOP 10 MOST TOXIC HOUSEHOLD PLANTS FOR CATS AND DOGS VETERINARYCLINIC.COM The 10 plants below are among the most toxic houseplants commonly available, but this list is not all inclusive. To be safe, pet LILIES owners need to do careful research on plants before bringing them home. LILIES When ingested by cats, certain lily species, in- cluding the day, tiger, Easter, Asiatic hybrid, rubrum, Japanese show, red, wood and west- ern lily, can cause kidney failure. Even with ag- gressive treatment, lily poisoning can result in death. Lilies are so toxic to cats that drinking PLANT SWEETHEART water containing lily pollen or eating as little as one or two leaves or petals of any of the lilies listed above can be fatal. SWEETHEART PLANT Also called cordatum, horse-head philoden- dron, fiddle-leaf philodendron, split-leaf or heart-leaf philodendron. Since philoden- drons contain insoluble calcium oxalate crys- tals, they are extremely irritating to the mouth and throat when chewed. As soon as a PALM dog or cat bites into one of these plants, the animal often begins pawing at its mouth, foaming at the mouth, drooling or vomiting. SAGO SAGO PALM Common in outdoor spaces in Texas, Florida and other states with warm climates, the sago palm is sold throughout the country as an ornamental houseplant. Unfortunately, the sago palm contains a toxin called cyca- sin. If eaten, this compound can cause liver failure. Initial symptoms of cycasin poisoning ALOE VERA occur within minutes to hours of ingestion and include drooling, loss of appetite, vomit- ing and diarrheg. ALOE VERA When used topically, the gel of the aloe plant can soothe the skin, but eating any part of this plant can be harmful to dogs and cats. Symptoms of aloe poisoning in- clude vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, change in urine color and depression. In rare cases, ingesting aloe can result in tremors. PLANT CORN CORN PLANT Also, called the (Dracaena) ribbon plant, dragon tree, cornstalk plant, money tree and lucky bamboo, this plant contains steroidal sa- ponins. When ingested, these compounds can produce weakness, excessive drooling, vomit- ing and diarrhea. They can also cause loss of DIEFFENBACHIA coordination in cats and dogs and dilated pupils in cats. DIEFFENBACHIA Also called dumb cane, dieffenbachia is an extremely popular houseplant due to its large patterned leaves and the fact that it is easy to maintain. Like the philodendron, this plant contains insoluble calcium oxalate crys- tals. Potential symptoms of dieffenbachia in- gestion include vomiting, drooling, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the tongue and lips, pawing at the face and difficulty breathing due to swelling of the upper airway. AMARYLLIS AMARYLLIS This plant needs to be kept away from dogs and cats because its stems, leaves and bulbs contain phenanthridine alkaloids and raphide oxalate crystals. When ingested, these com- pounds cause a drop in blood pressure, ab- dominal discomfort, vomiting and drooling. They can also interfere with an animal's ability to breathe. Because the toxins are more con- centrated in the bulb, eating this part of the CYCLAMEN plant produces more severe symptoms. CYCLAMEN Also called the sowbread or Persian violet, this flowering houseplant is often sold in gro- cery stores, so it is commonly found in homes. This can pose a problem for pets because in- gesting a small amount of cyclamen can cause vomiting, diarrhea and drooling. Eating a larger amount can alter an animal's heart rate and rhythm and cause seizures and death. All parts of the plant are toxic, but the tubers and roots contain the highest OLEANDER OLEANDER concentration of toxic saponins. Often considered a garden plant, this lovely shrub is also grown indoors in cool and tem- perate climates. Unfortunately, all parts of the plant are extremely toxic to pets and people. In fact, simply drinking the water from a vase containing oleander has been reported to cause symptoms of poisoning. Oleander con- tains toxins called cardiac glycosides. When ingested, these compounds cause abnormal heart rate and rhythm by changing the elec- trolyte balance in the heart. Symptoms of ole- ander poisoning include vomiting, drooling, nausea, weakness, shaking, seizures, collapse KALANCHOF KALANCHOE A common flowering houseplant, kalanchoe is also called devil's backbone, the chande- and sudden death. lier plant, the mother-in-law plant and mother of millions. Like oleander, it contains cardiac glycosides. Common signs of kalan- choe poisoning include depression, drooling, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In more severe cases, symptoms can include difficulty breathing, severe heart rhythm irregularities, weakness, cold extremities, tremors, seizures and death. you think that your pet may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control 24/7/365 If (888) 426-4435 VETERINARYCLINIC.COM plant images courtesy of commons.wikimedia.org under Creative Commons license

Top 10 Most Toxic Household Plants for Pets

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The 10 plants are among the most toxic houseplants commonly available, but this list is not all inclusive. To be safe, pet owners need to do careful research on plants before bringing them home.

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