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Losing Our Stripes: World Tiger Status

TIGERS STATUS 3 EXTINCT 2 CRITICALLY ENDANGERED 4 THREATENED LIVING CHINA ENVIRONMENT SERIES EX EX EX CR CR EN EN EN EN BALI CASPIAN SOUTH CHINA INDIAN MALAYAN INDOCHINESE JAVAN TIGER SUMATRAN AMUR TIGER TIGER TIGER TIGER TIGER TIGER TIGER TIGER LOSING OUR STRIPES Decline in every aspect of tiger life 3,200} ESTIMATED NUMBER IN THE WILD The baseline in 2010 is estimated to be 2,200 tigers in viable, protected breeding populations and 3,200 to 3,500 tigers overall in 13 tiger range countries. Tigers are not only a symbol of all that is splendid, mystical and powerful about nature. They are also a beacon of biodiversity, linking together the forests they inhabit and the natural resources and ecosystem services that their habitats produce for people. the next century may be the last one for the wild tiger. The loss of tigers and degradation of their ecosystems would inevitably result in a historic cultural, spiritual and environmental catastrophe for the Tiger Range Countries. POPULATION DROP 40,000 wWF with Global Tiger Recovery Program have the aim of reversing the trend and double the number of tigers by 2022 97% 21,500 TIPPING POINT POPULATION LOST 3,200 Number of tigers at the beginning of the last century and now 13,800 Current state of tiger worldwide 7,000 100,000 8,500 3,500 970s Caspian tiger extinct 1980s Javan tiger extinct 3,200 1900s (beginning) 2012 (Now aproximate) 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 2010 2012 2015 2022 WWF WITH GLOBAL TIGER RECOVERY PROGRAM THREATS TIGER AS UMBRELLA SPECIES In November 2010, leaders of the tiger range governments met in St. Petersburg, Russia and agreed on the goal to double the number of wild tigers by 2022 (TX2). They presented the Global Tiger Recovery Programme, which represents the plan and com- mitments by the countries to achieve this laudable goal. While extensive habitat remains in some places, in most areas agricul- ture, clearing of forests for the timber trade and rapid development are forcing tigers into small, scattered islands of land The Global Tiger Recovery Pro- gram (GTRP) is based on the prem- ise that the tiger crisis represents the larger biodiversity crisis in Asia. As forest-dependent, apex predators, tigers are barometers of the health of their ecosystems - ecosystems that support an immense wealth of biodiversity that can be protected under the tiger's umbrella. •Effectively manage, preserve, protect and enhance tiger habitats Cooperate in trans-boundary landscape manage- ment and in combating illegal trade ESPECIALLY ROAD NETWORKS • Eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade and demand for tigers, their parts and derivatives Engage with indigenous and local communities oIncrease the effectiveness of tiger and habitat management • Restore tigers to their former range POACHING AND RETRIBUTIVE NATIONAL TIGER POPULATION ESTIMATES FROM RANGE COUNTRY GOVERNMENTS KILLING HABITAT DECREASED IN 40% HISTORIC CULTURAL SERVICES. Tigers are highly significant symbols in spiritual beliefs and cultural. It's the national animal of many Tiger Range Countries (TRCS). RANGE LOST 93% Asian cultures, in THE LAST DECADE Tiger conservetion landscapes (TCLS) and historical range 450 (330-390) HUMAN-TIGER FOED SECURITY AND AGRICULTURAL SERVICES. Support agriculture by supplying fresh surface and ground CONFLICT Tiger Conservation Landscapes (TCLS" RUSSIAN FEDERATION protecting sdil ILLEGAL LOGGING AND COMMERCIAL PLANTATIONS. from erosion. Historical Range of Tiger, circa 1850 CARBON STORAGE AND SEQUESTRATION: On average, forests in TCLS have nearly 3.5 i times the amount of carbon than forest areas outside TCLS. With 17 percent of global CO2 emissions coming from deforestation, protecting 1.2 million km2 of forest-the total area of TCLS-will help mitigate climate change. 45 CHINA HABITAT LOSS AND FRAGMENTATION NATURAL HAZARD REGULATION. Tiger habitats, mostly forests, ameliorate the effects of natural hazards such as floods landslides, droughts, fires and storms. 155 10s 17 NEPAL VIETNAM LAO P.D.R. 75 BHUTAN WATERSHED PROTECTION. TCLS form significant parts of nine globally important watersheds, with a total catchment area of 5.8 million km2. They supply water to as many as 830 million people. They also Provide most of the electricity of some countries 10-30 200 TOURISM. The charismatic megafauna living in TCLS are highly attractive to tourists, creating economic opportu- nities for local people in the ecotourism industry; ecotourism is the fastest growing and most profitable seg- ment of the tourism industry. TIGER PARTS FOR MEDICINE INDIA CAMBODIA THAILAND 440 1,411 500 BANGLADESH MALAYSIA POVERTY ALLEVIATION. TCLS contain pockets of deep poverty, with poverty levels often exceeding three times national averages. Poor people are highly dependent on forest ecosystem services including provisioning of water, food, medicine, fuel and fiber, it is estimated that 80 23% MEDICINAL SERVICES. Tiger landscapes are re-positories of herbal plant richness. Where harvest is permitted, they contribute to aglobal trade in medicinal and aromatic plants that is estimated at more than USS60 billion per year. MYANMAR percent of tiger conservation landscapes are protected percent of the income rural of poor in Southeast Asia is derived from the local biodiversity. SOURCE: WWF. Global Tiger Iniciative, Tiger Recovery Program INDONESIA GUILLERMO MUNRO/ CHINA DAILY

Losing Our Stripes: World Tiger Status

shared by memuco on Jul 30
This was done in collaboration with WWF. I show the population of tigers, tendencies, numbers 100 years ago, numbers in the 70's how many tigers per country are left, what the biggest problems are, an...



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