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The Big Three: Comparing Montessori, Waldorf, and Reggio Emilia Learning Philosophies

The Big Three Comparing Montessori, Waldorf, and Reggio Emilia Learning Philosophies MONTESSORI Founder Dr. Maria Montessori (1870-1952) Founded 1907 1 Basics Montessori serves children from birth through high school I Age group most commonly served: 2-6 years old There are approximately 4,500 certified Montessori schools in the o U.S. and 20,000 worldwide Most are private but some are public Eme = 1,000 O Philosophy Child-centered I Teachers serve as guides I Play is a child's work I2 I While there is a focus on academics, the main idea is that children learn at their own pace abc Teaching style Children typically have the same teacher for three years I Mixing age groups encourages older children to serve as role models and help for younger children I Children work at various learning centers in groups according to their interests Music and arts Dancing Singing Painting Sculpture Classroom materials Prepared by teacher I Teacher guides I There are special Montessori toys called manipulatives that are self-corrective Certifications required: Adherence to methodology: Desirable but not required Depends on school operator Management Parental involvement I Locally owned and operated Occasional I Frequently proprietary Extracurricular Who is Montessori for? For parents who want their children to acquire leadership skills and independence in a multi-age setting WALDORF (STEINER) Founder Rudolph Steiner (1861-1925) Founded 1919 2 Basics Waldorf programs serve children from birth through early childhood In some locations, Waldorf programs continue through high school years There are more than 1,000 recognized Waldorf schools in more than 60 countries O Philosophy Play-based with a dependable routine Certain days of the week for set activities like baking or gardening Emphasis on creative learning, reading, singing, acting, etc. Children spend a lot of time outdoors Does not include media or electronics of any kind Does not involve academics, which means no: • Homework • Tests • Handouts Anthroposophy: the belief that humanity, through one's own spiritual development, has the wisdom to transform itself and the world abc Teaching style Teacher stays with class throughout primary years U Children work as a class on activities designed to develop imagination and creativity Music and arts Eurythmy (a movement-based art form developed by Steiner) Painting Singing Certifications required: Classroom materials Required Prepared by students Adherence to methodology: I Teacher directs Required Management Parental involvement Locally owned and operated Occasional Usually set up as a non-profit Extracurricular Who is Waldorf for? Parents that want their child to develop individualism in a cooperative, creative, routine-based setting REGGIO EMILIA Founder Loris Malaguzzi (1920-1994) Founded 1945 2 Basics I Originally served children from infancy through age 6-years-old I Now serves children in elementary and middle school classrooms as well I Since there are no set requirements, it's hard to estimate how many Reggio-inspired schools exist Philosophy The main focus is to help children become better citizens Kids are encouraged to explore I Project-based curriculum with lessons based on students' interests I Projects are child-originated and teacher-framed I Reggio Emilia programs often document what kids do by way of photos, videos, and written observations Children and teachers can review what they've done throughout the year abc Teaching style Teacher stays with class for three years I Children work as a group on activities and projects that interest them Music and arts Dancing Singing Painting Sculpture Certifications required: Classroom materials None Prepared by teacher Adherence to methodology: Some flexibility depending on local situation Teacher collaborates Management Parental involvement Locally owned and operated Daily involvement expected/required I Usually set up as a non-profit Who is Reggio Emilia for? For parents who want their child to be a good citizen who knows how to cooperate and resolve conflicts with others Non-conventional schooling isn't necessarily for everyone or for every age. Different philosophies allow children to grow and learn in other ways beyond academics. pbs.org privateschoolreview.com naturalparentsnetwork.com reggioalliance.org reggiochildren.com eana.org waldorfeducation.org freunde-waldorf.de montessori-namta.org amshq.org www.montessoribilingue.it Designed by: Ghergich & Co. Brought to you by: Quill.om Asral patof your job is 100% of ours.

The Big Three: Comparing Montessori, Waldorf, and Reggio Emilia Learning Philosophies

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There are a variety of learning philosophies that start at Preschool for most children. The big three are Montessori, Waldorf and Reggio Emilia. Explore all three learning styles to make the best deci...

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