National Water Security ------
Water Security in Five Dimensions
AWDO measures water security in five key dimensions because a single focus on any one of these is insufficient to guide decisions or...
assess outcomes in the water sector. The AWDO vision of water security is designed to represent the multiple dimensions of water in people's lives and livelihoods, with poverty reduction and governance as crosscutting perspectives in each of the five dimensions.
---- Household Water Security
---- Economic Water Security
----- Urban Water Security
---- Environmental Water Security
---- Resilience to Water-Related Disasters
------ Findings -----
Water governance plays a central role in boosting water security in each of the five key dimensions, and also in managing the trade-offs between the dimensions. It is an intersectoral process that requires leaders to break through silos, to span boundaries, and to create a positive nexus among water, food, and energy security. This process is known as integrated water resources management (IWRM), and most countries in the region have already adopted policies and legislation to support its implementation.
There are, however, no one-size-fits-all solutions across the region. Rather, the appropriate solutions in each country will reflect the country's resource endowment, economic development, culture, and chosen development path. As the national water security assessments in AWDO 2013 demonstrate, there is an urgent need to strengthen the capacity for integrated planning and management nationally as well as in river basins and cities.
The overall national water security of each country is assessed as the composite result of the five key dimensions, measured on a scale of 1–5. The pentagram of water security (Figure 1) illustrates that the dimensions of water security are related and interdependent, and should not be treated in isolation of each other.
The interdependence of the factors that determine water security in each dimension means that increases in water security will be achieved by governments that “break the traditional sector silos” to find the ways and means to manage the linkages, synergies, and trade-offs among the dimensions. This is the process known as integrated water resources management, which was adopted by world leaders in Johannesburg in 2002 at the Summit on Sustainable Development, and which was reaffirmed at the Rio+20 Summit in 2012.
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