Water related disaster resilience index /Water related Hazard Index
----- Lao PDR = Lao People’s Democratic Republic, PRC = People’s Republic of China.
-----Note: Bubble size is proportional to pe...
r capita gross domestic product ($ per person).
------ Most countries in Asia and the Pacific are still in the early stages of making strategic investments to increase climate resilience. Investments include urgent efforts to improve early warning systems, formulate improved drought management plans, and implement upgraded data collection and monitoring systems. Some countries have made substantial advances in their disaster preparedness and response and are now looking to reduce their exposure to risks by incorporating disaster risk reduction and management into policies, development plans, and design manuals. Improved protection of infrastructure is being complemented by better training of community leaders, community members, and staff responsible for vulnerable sectors. Screening tools are making their way into the planning process to ensure that new investments are designed with climate and disaster resilience as standard attributes. Local, traditional adaptation practices are getting less attention than international best practices, yet that knowledge is valuable, and some governments, such as that of Nepal—a highly vulnerable country—are designing and implementing government- and donor-funded programs to document local practices and develop local adaptation plans of action (Box 10).
Figure 18 summarizes national vulnerability as measured by resilience and the incidence of water-related hazards. The most vulnerable are the countries with the highest exposure to hazards and the lowest resilience, plotted in the red-shaded upper left quadrant. This quadrant includes Kiribati and Vanuatu, which have limited internal capacity to respond to major disasters and often require external assistance to facilitate recovery. The least vulnerable, with relatively high resilience and low exposure to hazards, are in the bottom right quadrant. New Zealand, in the lower right quadrant, is the only country with a low exposure to hazards and low resilience. Those in the upper right quadrant are exposed to frequent water-related hazards but have strong capacities to cope with such disasters when they occur.
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