Flood and windstorm ,Drought
Storm surge/coastal flood : Resilience subindicators ------
Nearly 46% of water-related disaster fatalities and 90% of people affected by such disasters from 1980 to 2006...
lived in Asia.58 From the mid-1990s to 2006, and in recent years, Asia has experienced a sharp increase in water-related disasters, particularly floods. Although South Asia is prone to droughts, most of the countries in East, South, and Southeast Asia are subject to frequent floods resulting from typhoons, cyclones, and monsoon rainfall. The Pacific region is prone to floods, windstorms, and storm surges and is more vulnerable than other subregions to rising sea levels. The developed economies of the region, including Australia, Japan,59 the Republic of Korea, and Singapore, are just as exposed as their neighbors to the region’s natural hazards. However, these countries generally suffer fewer losses, less damage, and fewer fatalities as a result of investments in durable infrastructure, their skilled leadership, and effective use of forecasting systems to warn and mobilize their populations in advance of storms.
Each subregion includes one or more countries assessed as having low resilience (Figure 17). Nepal is shown as being the least resilient due to its very low coping capacities, characterized by poor disaster preparedness. Although Nepal is less exposed to water-related disasters, the exposure of a large proportion of the relatively poor population makes the country vulnerable to these hazards. Vulnerability and exposure are expected to increase with climate change, due to increased incidence of flash floods and glacial lake outburst floods. However, as the floods in Thailand in 2011 demonstrated (Box 9), even slow-onset events can disrupt the lives of millions and impact economic activities beyond the immediate flooded area.
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