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1. Rotator cuff tear
2. ACL tear
3. Meniscus tear
4. labral tear of hip
5. labral tear of shoulder
The shoulder, hip and knees
are among the most often
injured parts of the body
during sports and physical
. Rotator cuff tears
. Labral tears
. Labral tears
. ACL tears
. Meniscal tears
1. Rotator Cuff Tears
The rotaor cuff is a group of muscles
and tendons connecting the arm to the
These tissues can become damaged by
injury, repetitive movements or age,
resulting in painful conditions such as
impingement ( the squeezing of soft
tissue against bone), calcium deposits
(the formation of calcium in areas such
as the tendons) and tears ( the partial or
complete separation of tendon or
The most common symptoms of
a rotator cuff tear include:
. Pain at rest and at night,
particularly if lying on the
. Pain when lifting and lowering your
arm or with specific movements.
. Weakness when lifting or rotating
. Crepitus or crackling sensation
when moving your shoulder in
2. ACL Tears
The anterior cruciate ligament
can be injured in several ways:
. Changing direction rapidly
. Stopping suddenly
. Slowing down while running
. Landing from a jump incorrectly
. Direct contact or collision, such
as a football tackle
When you injure your anterior cruciate
ligament, you might hear a "popping"
noise and you may feel your knee give out
from under you. Other typical symptoms
. Pain with swelling
. Loss of full range of motion
. Tenderness along the joint line
. Discomfort while walking
It is not possible to suture most ACL tears
back together. In order to repair the ACL
and restore knee stability, your surgeon
will reconstruct the torn ligament using
a tissue graft.
3. Meniscal Tears
Two Curved pieces of cartilage called
"menisci" are located between your
thighbone and shinbone to help cushion
your knee joint and keep it stable.
You might feel a "pop" when you tear a
meniscus. Most people can still walk on
their injured knee. Many athletes keep
playing with a tear. Over 2 to 3 days, your
knee will gradually become more stiff and
The most common symptoms of meniscal
. Stiffness and swelling
. Catching or locking of your knee
. The sensation of your knee "giving way"
. Inability to move your knee through its
full range of motion.
Without treatment, a piece of meniscus
may come loose and drift into the joint.
this can cause your knee to slip, pop or
4. Labral Tear
The labrum is a type of cartilage that
surrounds the socket of ball-and-socket
joints. A labrum is found in both the
shoulder and the hip joint. The labrum
forms a ring around the edge of the bony
socket of the joint.
. Hip pain
. A "catching" sensation in your hip joint
Initial treatment may include pain
relievers and physical therapy. Using
arthroscopic techniques, surgeons can
remove loose fragments from within the
joint and trim or repair the hip labral tear.
5. Labral Tears
. Pain, usually with overhead activities
. Catching, locking, popping or grinding
. Occasional night pain or pain with daily
. A sense of instability in the shoulder
. Decreased range of motion
. Loss of strength
Tears of the glenoid Shoulder
rim often occur with Dislocation
injuries, such as a
(full or partial
Bankart Glenoid SLAP
Labral tears can be located either above
(superior) or below (inferior) the middle of
the glenoid socket.
A SLAP lesion (superior labrum, anterior
[front] to posterior [back] is a tear of the
rim above the middle of the socket that
may also involve the biceps tendon.
A Bankart lesion is a tear of the rim below
the middle of the glenoid socket that also
involves the inferior glenohumeral
How are Sports Injuries Treated?
Treatment often begins with the RICE method,
which is effective for most sports-related injuries.
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and
. Rest. Take a break from the activity that caused the injury.
Your doctor may recommend that you use crutches to avoid
putting weight on your leg.
. Ice. Use cold packs for 20 minutes at a time, several times
a day. Do not apply ice directly to the skin.
. Compression. To prevent additional swelling and blood loss,
wear an elastic compression bandage.
. Elevation. To reduce swelling, recline when you rest and put
your leg up higher than your heart.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Your doctor will suggest that you take a Nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as asprin, ibuprofen,
ketoprofen or naproxen sodium. These drugs reduce swelling
Immobilization is a common treatment for sports injuries. It
keeps the injured area from moving and prevent more damages.
Slings, splints, casts and leg immobilizers are used to immobilize
In some cases, surgery is needed to fix sports injuries. Surgery
can fix torn tendons and ligaments or put broken bones back in
place. Most sports injuries don't need surgery.
Rehabilitation is a key part of treatment. It involves exercises
that step by step get the injured area back to normal. Moving
the injured area helps it to heal. Exercises start by gently moving
the injured body part through a range of motions and stretching.
Other common therapies that help with the healing process
include mild electrical currents (electrostimulation), cold packs
(crytherapy), heat packs (thermotherapy), sound waves
(ultrasound) and massage.