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Top 5 Most Common Sports Injuries

TOP 5

MOST

COMMON

SPORTS

INJURIES



1. Rotator cuff tear

2. ACL tear

3. Meniscus tear

4. labral tear of hip

5. labral tear of shoulder



The shoulder, hip and knees

are among the most often

injured parts of the body

during sports and physical

activities.



Shoulder

. Rotator cuff tears

. Labral tears



Hip

. Labral tears



Knee

. ACL tears

. Meniscal tears



1. Rotator Cuff Tears

Shoulder injury



The rotaor cuff is a group of muscles

and tendons connecting the arm to the

shoulder.



These tissues can become damaged by

injury, repetitive movements or age,

resulting in painful conditions such as

impingement ( the squeezing of soft

tissue against bone), calcium deposits

(the formation of calcium in areas such

as the tendons) and tears ( the partial or

complete separation of tendon or

muscle.)



The most common symptoms of

a rotator cuff tear include:



. Pain at rest and at night,

particularly if lying on the

affected shoulder.



. Pain when lifting and lowering your

arm or with specific movements.



. Weakness when lifting or rotating

your arm.



. Crepitus or crackling sensation

when moving your shoulder in

certain positions



2. ACL Tears

Knee injury



The anterior cruciate ligament

can be injured in several ways:



. Changing direction rapidly

. Stopping suddenly

. Slowing down while running

. Landing from a jump incorrectly

. Direct contact or collision, such

as a football tackle



When you injure your anterior cruciate

ligament, you might hear a "popping"

noise and you may feel your knee give out

from under you. Other typical symptoms

include:



. Pain with swelling

. Loss of full range of motion

. Tenderness along the joint line

. Discomfort while walking



Surgical Treatment



It is not possible to suture most ACL tears

back together. In order to repair the ACL

and restore knee stability, your surgeon

will reconstruct the torn ligament using

a tissue graft.



3. Meniscal Tears

Knee injury



Two Curved pieces of cartilage called

"menisci" are located between your

thighbone and shinbone to help cushion

your knee joint and keep it stable.



Symptoms



You might feel a "pop" when you tear a

meniscus. Most people can still walk on

their injured knee. Many athletes keep

playing with a tear. Over 2 to 3 days, your

knee will gradually become more stiff and

swollen



The most common symptoms of meniscal

tear are:



. Pain

. Stiffness and swelling

. Catching or locking of your knee

. The sensation of your knee "giving way"

. Inability to move your knee through its

full range of motion.



Without treatment, a piece of meniscus

may come loose and drift into the joint.

this can cause your knee to slip, pop or



4. Labral Tear

Hip injury



The labrum is a type of cartilage that

surrounds the socket of ball-and-socket

joints. A labrum is found in both the

shoulder and the hip joint. The labrum

forms a ring around the edge of the bony

socket of the joint.



Symptoms include:

. Hip pain

. A "catching" sensation in your hip joint



Initial treatment may include pain

relievers and physical therapy. Using

arthroscopic techniques, surgeons can

remove loose fragments from within the

joint and trim or repair the hip labral tear.



5. Labral Tears

Shoulder injury



Symptoms include:

. Pain, usually with overhead activities

. Catching, locking, popping or grinding

. Occasional night pain or pain with daily

activities

. A sense of instability in the shoulder

. Decreased range of motion

. Loss of strength



Tears of the glenoid Shoulder

rim often occur with Dislocation

other shoulder

injuries, such as a

dislocated shoulder

(full or partial

dislocation)



Bankart Glenoid SLAP

tear Labral

tears



Labral tears can be located either above

(superior) or below (inferior) the middle of

the glenoid socket.

A SLAP lesion (superior labrum, anterior

[front] to posterior [back] is a tear of the

rim above the middle of the socket that

may also involve the biceps tendon.

A Bankart lesion is a tear of the rim below

the middle of the glenoid socket that also

involves the inferior glenohumeral

ligament.



How are Sports Injuries Treated?



Treatment often begins with the RICE method,

which is effective for most sports-related injuries.

RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and

Elevation.



. Rest. Take a break from the activity that caused the injury.

Your doctor may recommend that you use crutches to avoid

putting weight on your leg.



. Ice. Use cold packs for 20 minutes at a time, several times

a day. Do not apply ice directly to the skin.



. Compression. To prevent additional swelling and blood loss,

wear an elastic compression bandage.



. Elevation. To reduce swelling, recline when you rest and put

your leg up higher than your heart.



Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)



Your doctor will suggest that you take a Nonsteroidal

anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as asprin, ibuprofen,

ketoprofen or naproxen sodium. These drugs reduce swelling

and pain.



Immobilization



Immobilization is a common treatment for sports injuries. It

keeps the injured area from moving and prevent more damages.

Slings, splints, casts and leg immobilizers are used to immobilize

sports injuries.



Surgery



In some cases, surgery is needed to fix sports injuries. Surgery

can fix torn tendons and ligaments or put broken bones back in

place. Most sports injuries don't need surgery.



Rehabilitation (Exercise)



Rehabilitation is a key part of treatment. It involves exercises

that step by step get the injured area back to normal. Moving

the injured area helps it to heal. Exercises start by gently moving

the injured body part through a range of motions and stretching.



Other Therapies



Other common therapies that help with the healing process

include mild electrical currents (electrostimulation), cold packs

(crytherapy), heat packs (thermotherapy), sound waves

(ultrasound) and massage.

Top 5 Most Common Sports Injuries

shared by MountSinaiNYC on Apr 04, 2013 in Health

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Mount Sinai’s Sports Medicine Service presents a snapshot of the five most common injuries affecting the knee, shoulder and hip. Discover the effective RICE treatment method and other therapies to h...
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