15 Things You Should Know About Caffeine
First isolated in coffee back in 1820. caffeine is the tacit
drug of choice for millions as it can be found in numerous
popular beverages and medications. Not a lot of people
stop to appreciate what it is and what it does, however.
The delicious chemical name for caffeine is 1.3.7-trimethyixanthine.
H3C O CH3
N N N N
Caffeine occurs naturally in 60 different plants like:
Coffee beans - the most
common source of caffeine
in the American diet.
Guarana - the source of
caffeine in energy drinks.
Caffeine is extracted by
pressure cooking beans and
leaves with C02 to produce
the drug in powder form.
90% of Americans consume caffeine in some form each day.
Caffeine works by increasing your dopamine levels,
+ + +
which makes you feel happier.
and blocking adenosine receptors,
which stops you from getting drowsy.
Caffeine is shown to temporarily increase one’s ability to learn. it also increases:
+Clarity of thought
Caffeine works the same parts of the brain as cocaine, amphetamines, and heroin. It just has milder effects.
On the other hand, caffeine also causes adverse effects:
The stimulant effect of caffeine is thought to keep your brain over active and thus prevent sleep.
Caffeine accelerates digestion, forcing food right out the back door that much faster.
Alternately, the diuretic properties of caffeine prevent you from sleeping properly because you have to keep peeing.
Caffeine also benefits athletes
The International Olympic Committee banned caffeine in competitions.
5mg per kg of body weight improves endurance by
reducing glucose burning and increasing fat burning.
It’s estimated 12,000
tons of caffeine is
consumed every year.
Coffee - 54%
Tea - 43%
Food and misc - 3%
The average American
consumes 280mg of
caffeine per day or 2-3 cups of coffee.
Caffeine overdose can be lethal
The lethal dose of caffeine in a human is about 150-200mg per kilogram of body weight.
That's 100 cups of coffee in 4 hours.
In 2007, a man died from overdose after taking 30 No-Doz pills.
Caffeine is completely absorbed within 30 to 45
minutes and its effects diminish within 3 hours.
Caffeine causes physical dependence.
Withdrawals begin within 12 to 24 hours and can last 2 to 9 days.
Decaffeinated products still have caffeine in them.
In the U.S., to be decaffeinated means less than
2.5% of the product is caffeine.
Hitler received injections of glucose
and caffeine to sustain his energy
during his final days in WWll.
Design & Illustration by Ricky Linn