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Household Water Security and Per Capita Gross Domestic Product
Household Water Security/Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (2009, $) ----Countries with greater household water security also tend to have higher per capita gross domestic product (Figure 8).- What Is... at Stake ? ---------- Access to safe, reliable water supplies and effective sanitation are vital services to improve the lives and livelihoods of the people of Asia and the Pacific. Without progressive financing and more resilient water supply and wastewater disposal systems, the modest gains in access to these services achieved over the past 15 years may be lost. Failure to overcome the persistent inertia that delays the provision of improved sanitation will erode the pro-health, pro-poor benefits achieved by increased access to safe drinking water. The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific investigated the sustainability of community systems in four countries and found that a reversal of the achievements to date is a real threat. Public utilities responsible for providing water and sanitation services to communities in India and the Philippines were found to lack capacity in all aspects of sustainability, including effective functioning, financing, and demand responsiveness. This is worrisome because these governments are increasing investment to meet the MDGs without committing the necessary investment to building the capacity to adequately maintain existing systems. Without better focused programs to ensure that water services reach—and continue to reach—all communities, poorly designed investments may reinforce existing inequities and exacerbate social injustice. ---- Source: For gross domestic product data, World Bank. World Development Indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD
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