HISTORY OF INK
Ir has a large impact on our daily lives; it�۪s something usually goes unnoticed, and we often take the use of ink for granted. Ink has left its mark on everything from religious manuscripts to fortune cookies. Ancient cultures would work toward creating primitive forms of ink to paint on cave walls, animal skins, and even on their own bodies. Have you ever wondered where ink comes from? How has it evolved into the common forms we use today?
THERE ARE 3 BASIC TYPES OF INKS. ONE USING PIGMENTS AND A BINDER. ANOTHER USES DYES LIKE THAT FOUND IN A FOUNTAIN PEN. AND THE LAST, USES A CHEMICAL PRECIPITATION SUCH AS IRON GALL INK.
The soot collected from oil lamps
Ancient EGYPTIAN and CHINESE
civilizations both developed ink around
this time. They created ink using fine
carbon particles, or lamp black. These
early pioneers also worked with gums or
glues to act as a bonding agent.
ALTHOUGH INVENTED IN CHINA, INDIA INK
GOT ITS NAME BECAUSE THE SOURCE OF
THE MATERIALS USED TO CREATE THE INK
CAME FROM INDIA.
23RD CENTURY BC
The Chinese would grind natural
plant dyes and minerals with water,
then applied it to ink brushes.
4TH CENTURY BC
INDIA INK becomes a
popular medium in China.
India ink is made of burnt
bones, tar and pitch - usually
written with a sharp
3RD CENTURY BC - 68 AD
Earliest examples of India ink were
found on the DEAD SEA SCROLLS: a
collection of biblical manuscripts found
northeast of the Dead Sea.
FIRST CENTURIES BC
PAPYRUS SCROLLS, made of the pith of
a papyrus plant, gained popularity as a
writing surface in Egypt.
Made of lamp black or soot
and bound with gum Arabic or
In Medieval Europe, scribes
used PARCHMENT or
VELLUM as a writing surface
(cotton was considered 5TH-15TH CENTURY AD
During the Middle Ages, carbon inks and
iron gall inks were in common use.
IRON GALL INK
Ink made of iron salts and tannic acids from
vegetable sources. standard ink in Europe from,j
6TH CENTURY AD
The invention of the QUILL PEN. Made of a molted fligtt
feather, the quill pen was the primary writing utensil in
the Western World from 6th century to the 19th century
and was compatible with parchment and vellum.
The RESERVOIR PEN (known as the first fountain 1
pen) was invented as a result of an Egyptian ruler
demanding a pen that would not stain his clothes.
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE ATTESTS TO THE USE OF
IRON GALL INK IN HIS PLAY, TWELFTH NIGHT,
WRITTEN AROUND 1602.
JOHANNES GUTENBERG invented
an oil-based ink that was more
suitable than the water-based inks
of the time for printing with the
metal type of his printing press.
English chemist WILLIAM HENRY PERKIN, while
trying to find a cure for malaria, discovered synthetic
dyes that could be applied to ink. This would later
become commercially relevant for dyeing ink.
German chemists Schlutigg and
Neumann PUBLISHED A
FORMULA which they thought was
me best recipe for iron gall ink.
(Also known as invisible ink)
Invisible ink, on application or soon
after, can be revealed by adding heat,
ultraviolet light, or a chemical
WITH THE EXCEPTION OF COLOR, TODAY�۪S INK
SHARES NOTHING IN COMMON WITH THOSE
USED BY ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS.
19TH CENTURY AD
Many artists developed a
process for a four-color print.
Before digital printing, an image 1912 AD
was photographed 3 times with
a filter for each color. Today, this
printing technique is referred to
as CMYK or FOUR-COLOR
Schlutigg and Neumann�۪s
formula was adopted by the
state of Massachusetts as a
standard ink for all official
documents and was soon
adopted by the United States
Refers to the four inks used in the
four-color printing process: cyan,
magenta, yellow, and key (or black).
CYAN MAGENTA YELLOW BLACK
INKJET PRINTERS wore developed
by Hewlett-Packard, Epson, and
Canon. Along with these printers
came different types of ink: solvent,
aqueous. UV-curable, and dye
Is technology used in computer printers. It is
created by melting ink sticks that are loaded into
a printer - a process similar to offset printing
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