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Heart disease includes any disorder of the heart and affects millions of Americans every year, yet it is highly preventable by following a healthy lifestyle.
It is the number one cause of death in the U.S., accounting for 36% of deaths annually.
In 2010, heart disease will cost us an estimated $316.4 billion in health care, medicine and lost productivity.
TYPES OF HEART DISEASE
Coronary heart disease
Blocked or clogged arteries limit blood flow to the heart and starving it of oxygen and nutrients.
The heart beats irregularly.
-Heart's electrical system
The heart can't pump as powerfully as it needs to in order to supply the body with oxygen and nutrients, causing the heart muscles to overwork and weaken.
-Dialated ventricl, reduced blood volume
Heart valve disease
One of more of the hearts' valves -which control blood flow into into and out of the heart-doesn't work.
An enlarged or abnormally stiff or thick heart, causing the heart to pump weaker than normal and sometimes leading to heart failure or arrhythmia.
-Enlarged heart muscle
An inflammation of one or more layers of the pericardium, a thin membrane that lines the heart.
A portion of the aortic wall weakens and balloons out, forming an aneurysm.
Heart disease is often related to disease of the circulatory system, including arteries, veins and lymph vessels, or blood disorders.
COMMON RISK FACTORS FOR HEART DISEASE INCLUDE:
High blood pressure
TO SCREEN FOR RISK FACTORS, HAVE YOUR DOCTOR:
-Test your blood pressure with a pressure cuff
-Test your blood cholesterol level
-Compute/discuss your Boddy Mass Index (BMI)
HOW TO LOWER YOUR RISK
-Eat your fruits and vegetables
-Avoid salt and fatty foods
-Get regular medical exams
And, if applicable
-Take blood-pressure-lowering meds (for people with high blood pressure)
-Monitor your blood sugar level (for diabetics)
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S.
It is the leading cause for both men and women, and the deaths are split evenly across gender.
Every 34 seconds in the U.S., someone has a heart attack every minute, someone dies from heart disease.
About 79 million American have some form of cardiovascular disease.
Heart disease death rates in the U.S.
by country, adults age 35-older, 2000-2006
Age-adjusted average annual deaths per 100,000