Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world. Countries in which Arabic is the official language stretch from Morocco in the west to Oman in the east, and include Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Algeria, just to name a few. If you speak Arabic,you're in good company: there are more than 300 million Arabic speaking people worldwide.
Facts about Arabic
Classical Arabic-the language of the Koran and classical literature.It differs from Modern Standard Arabic mainly in style and vocabulary,some of which is archaic.All Muslims are expected to recite the Koran in the original language,however many rely on translations in order to understand the next.
Modern Standard Arabic- the universal language of the Arabic-speaking world which is understood by all Arabic speakers.
In Arabic word order, the verb comes first, so to say "the boy eats the apple" you actually say "eat the boy the apple"
Arabic alphabet, Syriac alphabet [Garshuni]
The Arabic language uses the same punctuation marks as English, as well as the same Western rules of punctuation, but watch out as some of the symbols are invited, such as the comma, or reversed, for instance, the question mark. This has no impact on the intonation,though.
1 Western [Maghrebi]
2 Central [incl. Egyptian]
3 Northern [incl. Levantine, Iraqi]
4 Southern [incl. Gulf, Hejazi]
Arabic is a Semitic language and therefore shares similarities with other Semitic languages,such as Aramaic and Hebrew.
In terms of writing,several languages use the Arabic alphabet,such as Persian/Farsi, Urdu, Pashto and Kurdish. Arabic learners would be able to read words or sentences written in any of those languages,but not necessarily understand what they're reading!