--- Historical emissions trends and indicators ----
The data for 2012 need to be seen in a longer term perspective. Since 1900, emissions
levels and their geographical distribution have changed sig...
nificantly, with the first decade
of this century seeing the accumulation in the atmosphere of eleven times more CO2 than
the first decade of the previous century. Excluding international bunkers, OECD countries
accounted for almost all of the global emissions in the 1900s, yet now non-OECD emissions
account for 60%. OECD countries emitted 40% of global energy-related CO2 emissions
in 2012, down from 55% in 2000 (Figure 1.11). This compares with around 40% of total
primary energy demand and 53% of global GDP (in purchasing power parity terms). The
growth in China's emissions since 2000 is larger than the total level of emissions in 2012
of the other BRICS (Brasil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries combined. India's
emissions increased in 2012, reinforcing its position as the world's third-largest emitter.
Developing countries tend to be net exporters of products whose production gives rise to
CO2 emissions, opening up scope for debate as whether responsibility for the emissions lies
with the producer or the importer.
--- Sources: IEA databases and analysis, Boden et al., (2013).
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