ENERGY & POVERTY: DISTURBING LINKS ----
• Some 1.6 billion people – one-quarter of the world population – have no access to electricity. Over the next three decades, the investment needed for n...
ew power generation capacity in developing countries will amount to $2.1 trillion. Even if this investment is secured, in the absence of vigorous new policies, 1.4 billion people will still lack electricity in 2030.
• Four out of five people without electricity live in rural areas of the developing world, mainly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. But the pattern of electricity deprivation is set to change, because 95% of the increase in population in the next three decades will occur in urban areas.
• Some 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass – wood, agricultural residues and dung – for cooking and heating. That number will increase to 2.6 billion by 2030. In developing countries, biomass use will still represent over half of residential energy consumption by 2030.
• Lack of electricity and heavy reliance on traditional biomass are hallmarks of poverty in developing countries. Lack of electricity exacerbates poverty and contributes to its perpetuation, as it pre-cludes most industrial activities and the jobs they create.
• In rural sub-Saharan Africa, many women carry 20 kilogrammes of fuel wood an average of five kilometres every day
. The effort uses up a large share of the calories from their daily meal, which is cooked over an open fire with the collected wood.
• Poor people in the developing world are constantly exposed to indoor particulate and carbon monoxide concentrations many times higher than World Health Organisation standards.
Traditional stoves using dung and charcoal emit large amounts of carbon monoxide and other nox-ious gases. Women and children suffer most, because they are exposed for the longest periods of time. Acute respiratory illnesses affect as much as 6% of the world population. The WHO estimates that 2.5million women and young children in developing countries die prematurely each year from breathing the fumes from indoor biomass stoves.
----- Source : IEA - Energy and Sustainable Development
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