The overall financial benefits of higher levels of education in OECD countries are much less for women and for those attending public institutions. The returns for investing in public and private secondary education are higher for men. Similarly, and only with few exceptions, returns for investing in tertiary education are higher for men. The public returns to tertiary education are significantly larger than the public returns to upper secondary levels. However, the worth of private education for both secondary and tertiary levels is in most of the countries higher than those from public education. Data therefore reveals gender benefits gaps in most of the countries as well as disparities between public and private education financial returns.
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