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Cloud Computing-Historical Look

Clouding Computing: Past, Present, and Future



Revenue for Cloud Services

$148.8 bn

$81.3 bn

$68.3 bn

2009 2010 Predictions for 2014



Cloud Computing Timeline



1960s

Ideas about computation as a public utility emerged in public discourse and literature.



Mainframe computers first used by businesses for computation; like census data processing, statistics, and financial transaction processing.



Analysts predicted 2009-2010 would see a 19% increase in cloud revenue.



Expected IT spending in 2011 is $3.6 Trillion



Cloud computing accounts for only 2.3% of the global market.



Cloud Computing Precursors



Client-Server Model: Distributed applications which distinguish between providers (or servers), and clients.



Grid Computing: A virtual computer, composed of a cluster of networked, coupled computers (in order to perform larger tasks). Peer-to-Peer: Participants are both suppliers and consumers, using distributed architecture without the need for centralization.



Service-Oriented Computing: Like cloud computing, this service-oriented version implements computing techniques, leveraging software-as-a-service.



1997

The term "cloud computing" was first used by Information Systems Professor, Ramnath Chellappa.



Value of Cloud Computing Services Through the Years

Billions of Dollars

46.41 58.60 68.30 150.1 (CIO) 148.8 (Gartner)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Projected Value -->



2001

Autonomic computing evolved as systems to aid self-management.



Ads for full-time IT jobs focused on cloud computing grew 344% between Nov. 2009 - Nov. 2010.



2006

Amazon offered "Amazon Web Service" cloud computing to customers.



2007

Research on cloud computing was undertaken by companies like Google and IBM.



Demand for server virtualization grew 78% between Nov. 2009 - Nov. 2010.



Implementing cloud computing can cause operating expenses to drop by about 40% a year.



Cloud computing uses 1/10 the energy of a PC.



Early 2008

Open source AWS API-compatible platform called Eucalyptus offered private clouds.



Packaging of computing resources became a metered service called Utility Computing.



Mid-2008

Organizations began switching from company-owned hardware to cloud services.



2009

The National Science Foundation awarded approx. $5 million in grants for researching cloud computing.



2010

Microsoft Azure became commercially available.



Key Features:

A cloud computing survey of 250 companies asked which key features attracted them to cloud computing.

77% Efficiency

68% Reducing Capital Costs

61% Easing Staffing Issues



Its scalability and identification of specific costs, along with rapid innovation by CSPs and SaaS, suggest that cloud computing is going to be a formidable force in coming years.



2011

The coming year is likely to see emerging economies favoring the cost transparency of cloud computing.

Cloud Computing-Historical Look

shared by dell on Oct 17, 2012 in Technology

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The concept of cloud computing is used from early 1960's. Utility computing, the ASP model, autonomic computing are one of the precursors of cloud computing. Cloud services can be effectively implemen...
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