This would have very serious consequences for Asia’s many countries that are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Geography, climatology, low per capita income, and patterns of urbanization pu...
t Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam at risk of losing 6.7% of their combined GDP by 2100 if temperatures
change as the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change predicts. This is more than twice the global average of losses linked to climate change. Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), the Philippines, the Mekong Delta, central Thailand, and Sumatra and Java in Indonesia are more at risk than wealthier countries such as Brunei Darussalam and Singapore. The PRC and India could use up 1%–12% of their annual GDP coping with climate refugees, altered disease vectors, and failing crops. Bangladesh, where 15% of the population lives within 1 meter of sea level at high tide, is prone to flooding, tropical cyclones, and storm surges—not to mention drought. In Cambodia, substantial human and crop losses are attributed to worsening drought and flooding that are likely only preludes to more extreme weather.
According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010), 7 of the world’s 10 cities most exposed to climate change are in developing Asia (Table 2.1.5).
Cities are not the only places under threat.
Large swathes of rural coastal areas in Asia are vulnerable to climate change. Parts of South Asia, including virtually all of Bangladesh and large parts of Nepal, are at very high risk from climate change.
---- PRC = People’s Republic of China, -----USA = United States of America.
Source: OECD 2010.
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