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THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION:
The Bay of Pigs Invasion was perhaps one of the biggest failures of the United States. In an attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro, the United States government planned an invasion that ended with decreased trust in U.S. Government and killed all Cuban-American relations.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion had been
thought out long before the actual event
occurred. Here are some of the events
that lead up to Kennedy's invasion at the
Bay of Pigs.
March 17, 960
Eisenhower authorizes a CIA plan called A
Program of Covert Action Against the Castro
Regime. Shortly thereafter the CIA begins
recruiting and training a group of 1,400
Cuban exiles from Miami in Guatemala.
May 7, 1960
The Soviet Union and Cuba establish diplomatic relations.
The United States suspends the Cuban sugar
quota, effectively cutting off 80 percent of
Cuban exports to the United States. The
following day, the Soviet Union agrees to
buy that sugar
A large Soviet Bloc aims shipment
arrives in Cuba along with advisers and technicians.
In response to the sugar situation, Castro
nationalizes U.S. private investments in
Cuba worth about $1 billion
Cubs openly aligns itself with the
and foreign policies of the Soviet
pledging Sino-Soviet Bloc solidarity,
January 2, 1961
Soviet Premier Khrushchev denies the
existence of a Soviet military base in Cuba.
January 20, 1961
John F, Kennedy is inaugurated as the
thirty-fifth president of the United States
Early April, 1961
Kennedy discusses issues of deniability with
regard to U.S. participation in the planned
invasion of Cuba. Arthur
Havana (Trinidad) (Guantanamo)
Isle de la Juventud
Area in Detail
Bay of Pigs
(1) SATURDAY, APRIL 15TH 1961
Air Force B-26 Attack Bombers began flying bombing and strafing missions against Castro���s airfields near the Bay of Pigs and the Zapata swamps. Castro was prepared and had dispersed some obsolete, unusable planes to fool the attackers and draw the bombs.
(2) SUNDAY, APRIL 16TH 1961
Two battalions came ashore at Play Giron and one at Playa Larga. However, due to razor-sharp coral reefs, identified as seaweed by U2 spy photos, delayed the landing enough to expose it to air attach the following morning.
(3) MONDAY, APRIL 17TH 1961
By 3 a.m. the next morning, Castro knew about the landing, and the Cuban government responded immediately, taking a superior position in the air. Since world opinion was against the U.S., Kennedy decided not to provide further air coverage and Cuba forces had complete control of the air.
(4) WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19TH 1961
A final attempt fur U.S. air support resulted in the loss of four pilots. That afternoon, the U.S. invaders surrendered. More than 200 people been killed; another 1,197 were taken captive.
(5) THURSDAY, APRIL 20TH 1961
Kennedy told the American Society of Newspaper Editors that the episode was Cubans fighting Cubans and that the U.S. had not been involved.
(6) THE AFTERMATH
The Brigade prisoners remained in captivity for 20 months, as the United States negotiated a deal with Fidel Castro. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy made personal pleas to pharmaceutical companies and baby food manufacturers, and Castro eventually settled on 53 million dollars worth of baby food and drugs.
The Invasion not only tainted the Kennedy administration, but left a tense relationship with Cuba to this day.
WHAT WENT WRONG:
The United States and Cub. sever diplomatic
and consular relations.
Due to razor-sharp coral reefs, identified
as seaweed by U2 spy photos, delayed the
landing enough to expose it to air attacks
the following morning.
Two ships sank about 80 yards from shore,
some heavy equipment was lost.
Regarded by some as the biggest flaw in the
Bay of Pigs invasion, Kennedy halted U.S.
air support after the brigade landed, giving
Cuban air forces superior control of the sky.
After landing, reports from both
sides describe tank battles involving
heavy USSR equipment.
1,511 AMERICAN SOLDIERS
23 - THE AVERAGE AGE
OF THE U.S. SOLDIERS
75,000 CUBANS vs. 1,511 AMERICANS
The Cubans outnumbered the Americans 50 to 1. Each figure
represents approximately 1,500 soldiers. The black figures represent the Cuban soldiers and the red figure represents the American soldier.
5 PLANES SHOT DOWN
+ 1 PLANE LOST
2 BOATS SUNK
400 AMERICAN SOLDIERS LOST
A THOUSAND AND ONE HUNDRED CAPTURED
OF FOOD AND DRUGS
IN EXCHANGE FOR THOSE CAPTURED