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Ancient Olympics

How it all began



The 2012 London Olympics mark the 30th time the Games have been held since their rebirth as a modern event in 1896. But the very first Olympics for which there are records

were in 776BC, when a naked athlete won a single event - a 192-metre run. Thereafter, the ancient Games were played every four years in Greece for almost 1,200 years until

they were abolished by Roman emperor Theodosius the Great. It would then be more a millennium before they were resurrected as the Olympics we know today.



Greece



Delphi



Olympia



Mediterranean Sea



Isthmia



Nemea



Aegean Sea



Olympia about 425BC



Games were held avery four

years in Olympia. In the

years between, athletics

events took place in other

Greek cities (see map)



Hill of Kronos



Ground was packed earth



Stadium track



Hippadrome (stadium for chariot racing)



No stands around the stadium, 50 people watched standing up



Temple of Zeus



Altar



Heras Temple



Magistrate's House



Bath Houses



Sacred olive tree



Council House



River Kladeos



Swimming bath



Workshop of Phidias



Prizes



There was only one winner whose prize was a wreath or crown of leaves



Different Crowns by city



Prize for winner



Olympia Olive leaves



500 drachmas



Nemea Celery leaves



(Equivalent to money earned by skilled worker in 15 years)



Delphi Laurel leaves



Isthmia Pine leaves



Five days of Games



1st Oath to respect the rules of the event



2nd Equestrian events and pemtatj;pm (discus, long jump, Javelin, running and wrestling)



3rd Festival to honour Zeus and other gods



4th Different foot races and combat sports



5th Honouring victorious athletes and a banquet



Javelin



Ankyle



A leather strap fixed to the shaft of the javelin to form a loop.

The athlete inserted his index and second fingers into the loop allowing him to increase the distance the javelin was thrown



Javelin



Thin leather strap tight around the javelin



No metal tip or other special point at the end



Discus



Disc



6kg (2kg in modern Games) made from stone or steel.

Possibly its origin was as a hand-thrown weapon



Athletes covered their body with olive oil and then dusted it with fine sand.

The combination helped to regulate body temperature as well as protest them from the sun



They participated completely naked



Chariot racing



Dangerous but popular event, Chariots were modified war chariots.

The charioteer did not receive any prize - it went to the owner of the horses



Dromos



Foot races of different distances:



Stade 200m



Diaulos 400m



Dolichos 2,400m



The shortest foot race, the stade, was one length of the stadium track



start



192.27m



Finish



Stadium track



Hoplite race



A foot race in whih athletes ran two lengths of the stadium wearing armour



Helmet



Shield



Greave



Finish Start Stadium track Two lengths (about 400m)



Judges



Locals who were specially trained. They could fine, whip or expel cheaters



Stick to measure distances



Wrestling



Participants had to force opponent's back. Shoulder or hip to touch the ground



Pankration



A mix of boxing, wrestling and free fighting. Two acts were forbidden; eye gouging and biting



Pugilism



Boxing



Himantes



Covered their hands with leather strips



Long jump



The athletes carried weights called halteres in their hands to improve the jump



Haltere



Haltere



Usually made from stone or bronze in a variety of shapes



Hole for thumb



Start of jump



Swinging the arms has been shown to increase the length of a jump



With these aids, they would have achieved excellent results close to modern standards



Jump



Athletes threw the halteres backwards as they landed, thus gaining a little extra push at the end

Ancient Olympics

shared by adolfux on Aug 09, 2012 in Olympics

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Newspaper graphic about olympics games in the ancient Greek. Mix traditional illustrations with information.
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