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Access to Improved Sanitation (%)
Analysis for the AWDO 2013 household water security index (Appendix 2) confirmed wide disparities in access, indicating that the region still has substantial investments to make before these critical ... services are universally available. Surveys undertaken for AWDO 2013 in four countries revealed further issues of concern behind the MDG figures for water supply and sanitation. These surveys showed that the percentage of facilities in operating condition is lower than the headline statistics of installed facilities recorded in government figures. This suggests that, although the MDGs have prompted great focus on provision of services, the published MDG figures may be presenting a more optimistic picture than reality. The service reliability of improved water supply and sanitation facilities likewise is lower than the headlines suggest. For example, the data for access to piped water supply do not include any indication of whether the service is provided 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, or the service continues to be intermittent. The data also do not indicate whether water is adequately treated and potable at the point of delivery.----- Source: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO). 2012. Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation—2012 Update. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. New York. A. Pruss-Ustun, R. Bos, F. Gore, J. Bartram. 2008. Safer Water, Better Health: Costs, Benefits and Sustainability of Interventions to Protect and Promote Health. Geneva: WHO. ----- WHO. Metrics: Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/ metrics_daly/en/.
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