50 Incredible Facts About Skin
The Skin You're In
Skin is the human body's largest organ.
The average skin, when stretched out, is 2 Square Meters.
Skin accounts for around 15% of your bodyweight.
There are two types of skin, hairy and glabrous.
Your skin has three layers.
Epidermis - Dead & Waterproof
Dermis - Hair & Sweat Glands
Subcutis - Fat & Large blood vessels.
Every inch of your skin has an exact stretchiness and strength for its location.(The skin of your knuckles is very different to the skin on your belly).
The thinnest skin is found on your eyelids 0.02mm thick.
Scar tissue lacks hair and sweat glands.
The thickest skin is found on your feet 1.4mm deep.
A body hair will grow from 2-6 years.
You lose around 20-100 hairs a day.
Hair is made from a protein called Keratin.
Every hair has a small muscle,the pili. This allows your hair to be raised when cold or in a 'heightened emotional state'.
It's whats on the outside.
Keratin also forms the dead outer layer of human skin and fingernails.
over 50% of the dust in your home is actually dead skin.
Every 28 days your skin renews itself.
Lipids are natural fats that keep the outer layer moist and healthy. Lipids can be destroyed by detergents and alcohol.
Every minute, your skin sheds over 30,000 dead cells.
Sweat is odourless; it's bacteria that make B.O.
Your skin has it's own bacteria microbiome of over 1000 species.
And around 1,000,000,000,000 individual bacteria.
The glands that produce wax in your ears are specialized sweat glands.
On average, 14 species of Fungi live between your toes.
Skin colour is the result of a protein called melanin. Large tentacle-like cells called melanocytes produce and distribute melanin.
Human skin comes in a very wide range of colours......from all different parts of the world.
Around 7% of skin cells are melanocytes.
Everyone has the same number of melanocytes. Skin colour is a due to their activity, not quantity.
Their are two types of melanin
Pheomelanin - Yellow to Red in Colour.
Eumelanin - Dark Brown to Black.
1 in 110,000 people have albinism, a lack of melanocytes.
Melanin is also responsible for eye colour. The skin covering the eye is transparent(and very sensitive).
It takes up to 6 Months for babies to develop their permanent skin tone.
TREAT YOUR SKIN
Acne is caused by an over production of cells that line the sweat gland.
Sometimes, babies get Acne in the first few weeks of life.
1/20 adult women suffer from acne.
1/100 adult men suffer from acne.
4/5 Teenagers get some form of acne.
For healthy skin you need.
Vitamin A Treats sun damage and cellulite.
Vitamin D Reduces spots and growths.
Vitamin c Antioxidant, regenerates vitamin E and provides sun protection.
Vitamin E Antioxidant, protects against sun damage and aging.
Change ...the skin you re in?
INTEGRA has recently developed afull skin replacement made from bovine and silicon.
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